Agriculture Victoria Services Pty Ltd
A selection of current projects involving AVS technologies includes:
Livestock Tag & Trace
The Livestock Tag & Trace database was developed by Animal Standards branch within Biosecurity Victoria to receive, process, store and facilitate the retrieval of information relating to the movement of livestock from property to property until they are slaughtered. A Registration of Interest process is currently being conducted.
An electronic pasture reader was developed by the Department of Environment and Primary Industries which can be mounted on quad bikes and utilities and then driven across a representative area of a paddock to get fast and accurate measure of pasture mass. This technology is currently licenced.
Brassica Napus Canola
Brassica napus canola genetics were developed under the Department of Environment and Primary Industries National Brassica Germplasm Improvement Program (NBGIP). The NBGIP lines have been offered on a non-exclusive basis to all Australian Canola breeding entities. Five entities entered into licenses for chosen selections in 2010 for breeding use to produce new canola varieties, primarily for Australian conditions. The aim of the NBGIP program is to provide the Australian canola industry with valuable traits, such as blackleg and sclerotinia resistance, drought tolerance and manganese tolerance in new canola varieties with good quality and agronomic backgrounds.
Black-leg Resistant Canola Germplasm
Black-leg resistant canola germplasm licensed for breeding has resulted in the development of three new 'RoundUp Ready' open-pollinated canola varieties, 'GT Scorpion', 'GT Cougar' and 'GT Mustang', and two new 'Triazine-Tolerant' canola varieties, 'Hurricane TT' and 'Crusher TT'. Seed for these varieties has been made commercially available to growers.
Brassica Juncea Germplasm
Brassica juncea (non-canola quality) germplasm developed for biofuel application in collaboration with Viterra Inc has resulted in the release of a dryland juncea biofuel variety. The juncea germplasm was provided for non exclusive selection and breeding use to the South Australian Research and Development Institute (SARDI). SARDI have licensed a variety, SARDI 515M, for controlled release. SARDI515M is an open pollinated, conventionally bred variety. It is resilient to temperature and rainfall variation, capable of producing a viable oil yields and is suitable for animal feedstock.
Three pipelines of barley germplasm have been successfully licensed to Australian barley breeders for non-exclusive breeding use. The germplasm provides breeders with an opportunity to access current commercial benchmark variety malting quality traits, novel traits which may provide malting advantages such as low protein grain and sources of CCN and Boron tolerance.
Novel Ryegrass Endophytes AR1 & AR37
A large-scale field evaluation of novel ryegrass endophytes (AR1 and AR37) is currently being conducted. Endophyte (Neotyphodium) is a naturally occurring fungus whose complete life cycle occurs within grasses such as perennial ryegrass. Endophytes produce chemical compounds known as alkaloids, which confer pasture pest resistance, but which can also cause animal health problems. AR1 and AR37 do not contain certain alkaloids and have been shown in other countries to provide up to a 10% increase in milk yield per cow. However, the uptake of these new endophyte technologies has been slow in Victoria. The objective of this 5-year study, based on the use of replicate farmlets, is to demonstrate the economic value of using AR1 and AR37 in Victorian dairy pastures.
Wheat germplasm derived from CIMMYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center) synthetic wheat lines has been transferred to Australian wheat breeders. This material has been provided under the principles of the Grains Research Development Corporation Australian Winter Cereals Pre-Breeding Alliance and provides to breeders potential novel sources of disease resistance in wheat.